Java – Streams vs Collections vs Loops

Trying to figure out what method serves best in java to get the maximum timestamp out of a list I setup a small benchmark to evaluate the runtime of Java Streams, collections and an ordinary for loop. My setup can be seen in the following listing.

 

public static void main(final String[] args) {
 
  List list = new ArrayList();
  Random rnd = new Random();
  for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { list.add(rnd.nextInt(10000)); } long t1 = System.currentTimeMillis(); long largestNumber = 0; for (Integer t : list) { if (t > largestNumber) {
      largestNumber = t;
    }
  }
 
  long t2 = System.currentTimeMillis();
  System.out.println("Max (loop) is " + largestNumber + " in " + (t2 - t1) + " ms.");
 
  long t3 = System.currentTimeMillis();
  OptionalInt max = list.stream().mapToInt(Integer::intValue).max();
 
  long t4 = System.currentTimeMillis();
  if (max.isPresent()) {
    System.out.println("Max (Stream) is " + max.getAsInt() + " in " + (t4 - t3) + " ms.");
  }
 
  long t5 = System.currentTimeMillis();
  int collMax = Collections.max(list);
  long t6 = System.currentTimeMillis();
 
  System.out.println("Max (Collections) is " + collMax + " in " + (t6 - t5) + " ms.");
}

Here are the results:

Samples Steams Collections Loop
10.000 68 3 3
50.000 70 5 4
100.000 71 6 5
500.000 76 16 10
1.000.000 108 18 12
1.500.000 89 20 17
5.000.000 94 29 19
10.000.000 103 41 30

The expected linear runtime allows a comparision of these three ways. Although, collections and streams look way better than the loop runtime shows that it still seems to be the fastest way to determine a max value from values in a simple list.
 

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